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Community Based Participatory Research – №2

Running head: COMMUNITY BASED PARTICIPATORY RESEARCH        











Community Based Participatory Research
Name
Institution

Community Based Participatory Research
How did the researchers on the aboriginal CBPR project demonstrate cultural competence, as described by Isaacson?
The researchers used several approaches, like:
  • Participatory Research Approach,
  • Collaborative approach,
  • Participatory Action Research,
  • Mutual Inquiry,
  • Community Based Research,
  • Participatory Research,
  • Action Research,
  • Conventional Research.

The researchers suggest that “the approach [to research that] produces new knowledge by systematic inquiry in partnership with [those] affected by the issue being studied for the purpose of education and taking action [or affecting social; change]”. They think that getting deep into the culture and knowing more about the aboriginals` life style is the key to help medical workers find accurate approach to offer medicine to patients. They suggest that paternalism should be changed into partnership.

In what ways, if any, did they show cultural humility?
Well, I think when there was a slide about “Helicopter  approach”, where researchers swooped down from the sky, asked different questions about the community`s life and then went away never to be heard again, this is a poor example of cultural humility.
When the researches were talking about blending and living within the community and even helping them with everyday life, using “in-depth interviews, focus groups, randomized  trials, case control studies, narrative inquiry and longitudinal studies ” as well as linguistic and translation methods, that was an example of good cultural humility.
The researches pointed out four main characteristics for cultural humility:
-        Humility – meaning and realizing limitations and that people of science are not always the experts,
-        Introspection – examination of motivation for conduction research,
-        Solidarity – meaning that the goal for people of science and of the community are aligned,
-        Social Justice – meaning the changes in social policy to decrease health disparities.
What ethical issues were addressed, either positively or negatively, through the researcher’s engagement with the community?"
Well, I think that we can positively say that ethical issues are taken into consideration when elder members of community are asked into account and listened to, when they take part in evaluating process, because they have the knowledge and experience to help researchers. Like “translation to local language, incorporation into communities culture” the information and program components needed for the researches. The researchers say that “capacity building is [definitely two way street so, it is] not just about academics building community capacity it is also about the Community Building our capacity as academics.”. Elder members of the community helped and managed the research process to help their people and people of science to find mutual and beneficial points of collaboration to community`s benefit.
As a negative ethical issues I may point out offering forbidden items, like tobacco or alcohol inside the community without the community elder`s permission. There should be balance between community and science collaboration, like the “Ethical Scape”, where researchers gather information being in-between. Research is good when it is done within set limits and with a set goal.
The researchers say that collaboration between the community people is the main point when performing the health research and when implying new up-to-date methods into the community. Implementation should be performed gradually and with respect to the community rules and traditions. And the knowledge received from the community may help find new ways to introduce combination of new and old approaches.


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References
Link to the video for the assignment: •Alberta Centre for Child, Family and Community Research. “Community Based Participatory Research in Aboriginal Communities; Creating an Ethical Space.” YouTube. Published May 13, 2016. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WuYzwW725rY

Mary Isaacson, RN, PhD  (2016). Clarifying Concepts: Cultural Humility or Competency. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.profnurs.2013.09.011

        Nina Wallerstien MD, Family Medicine, University of New Mexico, Meredith Minkler, PhD, Professor of Health and Social Behavior, University of California, Berkley (2016), “Community-Based Participatory Research for Health”